|At a farm in Virginia in the United States, a calf has been born with two faces. The calf has been drawing quite a crowd since its birth. The little calf actually breathes out of two noses and has two tongues. All of this according to the owner of the calf, farmer Kirk Heldreth. There also appears to be a single socket that contains two eyes. The calf has two lower jaws but only one mouth. Heldrith described the calf as the craziet thing that he has ever seen. The calf was born on December 27th. Heldreth thought as the calf was being born that there actually were two calves. Artificial insemination was used to produce this calf.
Artificial insemination is designed to produce superior cattle breeding. Bob James, a professor in the dairy science department at Virginia Tech, said that births such as the one at the Heldrith farm are unusual. The professor said that he has seen such a birth only two or three times. He indicated that the situation could be caused by either a developmental problem or a genetic defect. The condition has a name. According to MedicineNet.com, the condition is called diprosopus. This is a condition that occurs when conjoined twins start to develop and do not separate. In most instances, conjoined twins are completely fused with one set of limbs but all of part of their face is duplicated. According to the farmer, the calf did not appear to have any other ailments. He described the animal as being as healthy as it could be.
In other news:
One of nature's wonders can be watched once a year on Christmas Island, located in the Indian Ocean in the west of Australia: millions of red crabs, come out of the forest and make their journey to the sea. The instinct to continue their clan authoritatively draws them to ocean shore.
The Red crab is a tiny creature, just about the size of a palm. It is known that for most of the year, this creature, like most of other land crabs, spends time outside the water - in tropical rain forests, high plateaus, on stepped terraces bordering the coasts. As the scientists estimate, the population of these crustaceans on Christmas Island is around 120 million, i.e. 60,000 per person! They dig holes in the forests, sometimes in gardens, where they hide in the dry season to avoid dehydration. The crab carefully covers the burrow entrance with leaves.
But with the arrival of the rainy season, after the first downpour, red crabs, as if following instructions, come out of the burrows and start their journey. They just flow (you cannot describe it otherwise) like an endless stream to the sea, filling space all around. Any man who glimpses this spectacle for the first time would simply be amazed.
On what food does this whole armada survive on? It seems to be fallen leaves. That is why, the land is almost always bare in the tropical rain forests of the island. Everything is eaten. It’s true, the crabs “maintain cleanliness”, they fertilize the soil, loosen it by digging holes and thereby influence the life of the forest.
The mass voyage of the crabs lasts from 9 to 12 days (depending on the distance of the burrows) and large male crabs lead the younger males and females. The males arrive first to the shore. Here, by cooling off in the ocean, the crabs dig burrows in the coastal strip. And, if they happen to be peace-loving during the year, then during the mating season, they passionately protect their temporary shelters. In fact, there seems to be no serious fighting. Two days later, the females also arrive. The male crabs do not spend much time at sea and after taking a farewell dip in sea, they return back. But the females stay in the coastal burrows for quite some time. Each of them can lay more than one hundred thousand eggs. A large number of eggs are lost.
After laying the eggs, females also return to the forest holes. Larvae spend 25 days in the water. They are so helpless and their lives literally hang on a thread: the sea can carry them or they can be eaten by predatory fish. But the larvae turn into real crabs and their first trip to the interiors of the island begins. At this time, it seems that the earth has been covered by a shaking red carpet. Crabs are everywhere. They cover the road and get into the houses. They can be found in every room and even in lamps and lampshades.
It is understood that at the time of the great passage in the forest, many young crabs are killed under the wheels of vehicles, they also fall prey to bigger crabs of other species and to predatory birds. Those who are lucky enough to survive, reach the forest, hide under layer of leaves in the ground, where they spend two to three years. Now, they have a chance to survive. Birds do not attack the older crabs. People also are not interested in them.
Of course, the red crabs cause some inconvenience to the people during their own journeys, but even on the island, they are loved and some people consider them to be simply fascinating creatures.|