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Tourism is the temporary visit (travel) of people abroad or to other regions, which are distinct from their permanent place of residence for a period varying from 24 hours to 6 months or spend at least one night out for entertainment, health, sports, guest, informative, religious and other purposes, without indulging in the activity or being paid from a local source.
A person who travels in such a way is called the tourist.
Classification of Tourism
Definitions of some types of tourism:
* Internal Tourism - tourism within the territory of the USA by the people living inside the USA;
* Outbound Tourism - tourism of the people, permanently living in the USA, to other countries;
* Inbound Tourism - tourism within the territory of the USA by people who are not permanent residents of the USA;
* International Tourism – inbound or outbound tourism;
* Social Tourism - tourism, which in full or in part is carried out at the expense of budgetary funds, government budget funds (including the funds, allocated within the limits of state social assistance), and also the funds of employers;
* Amateur Tourism - tourism, organized by the tourists independently;
For tourism purposes, there are mainly two types of tourism:
* Recreational tourism - the classical kind of tourism including the types: health, informative and sports.
* Business tourism - its sphere includes business-tours, convention tours, and shopping-tours.
Each of these types of tourism can be subdivided into more specialized sub-groups – on-foot, water, space, physically handicapped etc.
In the news: In the first instance it was bloody. Then it was hell. Now, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation -- CBC -- has announced that it is imposing new restrictions on Australia's infamous tourism advertisement. The Australian advert features a listing of some of that country's famous attractions with the tagline "Where the bloody hell are you?" The ad campaign is intended to target people in China, Japan, India, the United States, Germany and Britain. The campaign is a follow up to the smashingly successful "Put another shrimp on the barbie" tourism campaign of the 1980s. That campaign featured singlet-wearing comedian Paul Hogan and lured an estimated 250,000 American tourists to Australia. CBC maintains that the word "hell" might offend viewers who tune into their televisions during family viewing timeslots. Britain's advertising regulator already has objected to the word "bloody". However, the agency relented when Australia's federal Tourism Minister Fran Bailey flew to Britain to lobby for the original advertisement, including the word "bloody". Nonetheless, on Wednesday CBC spokeswoman Ruth Soles suggested Bailey put in a call to the corporation before packing her bags and embarking on another lobbying mission. Soles said the CBC advertisement standards people apparently took no exception to the word "bloody" but did object to "hell" in the family program timeslots. The objection has been made by the CBC even though hell was probably part of the common everyday Canadian language, even when speaking around children in that country.
As recreational resources are distributed on the planet extremely non-uniformly, the increasing numbers of people travel with recreational purposes and motives. These recreational tours (health, informative, sports) became the basis of development of recreational tourism. Recreational aspects are also always present in the business types of tourism (business tourism, convention-tourism, and shopping-tourism).
The tourist business in market conditions can be carried out in the presence of four basic components: capital, technology, man force and recreational resources. It means that, it is not enough just to have the capital, hire people, technology and get engaged in tourism. For this purpose, it is necessary to choose a place, where there are recreational resources, and if such a place is not available, it has to be created. It is one of the specific features of a tourist business in market conditions. As the fourth component - recreational resources - is the cheapest one, therefore as a whole it defines the high profitability of a tourist business. If tourism is connected with the creation of a tourist resource, the cost price of a tourism product increases sharply.