Contest Directions: Photoshop this image of Scottish Highland Games (click to download) any way you wish. Some examples are: re-dress the Scotsmen, make these Scottish Highland Games participants appear in unusual places, use this Scottish Highland Games image in advertisements, movies, paintings, etc. These are just some ideas.
Many thanks to Andrew Barclay for providing the source photo.
diamonds In Queensland Australia, the conservative party, the LNP, won the election in March this year. The social democratic party, the Labor party, still governs Australia nationally. However, the two do not see eye to eye. Recently the Labor party wanted information to either allow or disallow mining in the Great Barrier Reef, however the LNP did not comply to their requirements, so were disbarred from any decision making in the future. This picture tries to depict what could happen if the LNP got to have a say, and could quite possibly destroy our beautiful Great Barrier Reef .... You can imagine what the LNP had to say regarding this ban Depicted are Julia Gillard, the Prime Minister, and Campbell Newman, the Queensland Premier.
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This contest is fueled by the following news: Highland games - are cultural events, held throughout the year in Scotland, Canada, USA and other countries as a way of celebrating Scottish culture, especially that of the Highlands. The games usually involve bagpipe bands, Highland dancers, participants of sporting events; various exhibitions related to other aspects of Scottish and Gaelic culture are also held.
For many centuries Scottish people measured their strength at so cold Highland games gatherings. During these gatherings, the leaders of Scottish clans recruited their private security from the strongest and most endurable Highlanders. During the competitions of those times the competitors were not only to demonstrate their strength, agility and speed, but also show their ability to use cold weapons and later firearms.
Official status was given to Highland gatherings by the King of Scotland Malcolm Canmore, who ascended to the throne in 1507. Malcolm organised competitions among possible candidates for the position of Royal Messenger. Participants were to overcome many landscape obstacles, and get to the top of the mountain. Thereafter, such gatherings were held quite frequently as social events, particularly in order to resolve controversial issues between the members of different clans. Young men competed against each other in strength, agility and speed in order to find the best warrior.
During the English invasion, especially after the Second Jacobite rising of 1746, which ended in defeat for Scotland, all Scotsmen were forbidden to carry cold weapon or learn how to use it. This was done in order to prevent the possible future wars. However, in spite of the strict ban Scotsmen continued to study military science, having replaced their military weapons with tools for games. Modern highland games are mainly Victorian invention, which appeared owing to Scottish Romanization, as well as to studies of the old documents, describing the competitions.
Types of events:
Stone put is one of the main one of the main contests and a very popular attraction at Highland games gatherings. A steel ball or an ordinary stone is used in the competition. The weight of the stone varies from 16 to 100 lb and more and is different for men and women (usually women use lighter stones). Stones in use have no standard weight or shape. A slight variation in the rules of this type of the competition is also possible. In the Highland Games reference book there are two types of competitions with stones: Manhood Stone (Clach Cuid Fir) and Stone of Strength (Clach Neart).
In one, the Clach Cuid Fir (or Manhood Stone) a very large stone of well over 100 lb is employed. The competitor is to be able to lift it to a certain height or place it on a wall (a specially prepared ground).
In the other type, the Clach Neart (or Stone of Strength), a smaller stone, variable in weight, but around 8 or 30 lb, is employed. The competitor is to through the stone as far as possible.
The stone put today is an Olympic sport discipline called "shot put".
Tug o' war:
Tug of war is a competition that pits two teams against each other in a test of strength. Each team has eight or more participants who align themselves at the end of a rope. The rules of holding the rope can be more or less strict, depending on the type and the purpose of the competition. Each team is to pull the rope or its marked part to their side. In this case, the opponent team loses the competition. Sometimes, the neutral part can be a ditch with water or mud.
Scottish Flora and Fauna:
Scotland's fauna is typical for the north-western part for Palearctic ecozone, although there are some exceptions. In the temperate climate of Scotland there are presently 62 types of wild animals (including populations of wild cats, a significant amount of gray seals and harbour seals, as well as the most northern colony of common bottlenose dolphins, about 150 types of birds (such as Black Grouse and Red (Scottish) Grouse, Northern Gannet, Golden Eagle, Scottish Crossbill, Sea Eagle and Osprey).
Scotland has the most biologically productive seas in the world, according to estimations the total number of sea species in them is 40000. Darwin Hills is one of the most important zones of the cold water coral reefs – it was open in 1998. There are almost 400 types of genetically different populations of Atlantic salmon in Scottish rivers. In fresh waters there are 42 types of fish, half of which appeared as a result of natural colonisation and the other half as a result of man-made introduction.
Four types of reptiles and six types of amphibians are Scottish native inhabitants. Moreover, there are 14000 types of invertebrates (including rare types of bees and butterflies) one way or the other covered by environment protection acts. Environment protection agencies are worried about the existing threat for the bigger part of Scottish fauna, caused by the climate change.
Scottish rocks are rich in sediments of Silurian Carboniferous, and Triassic periods. Among animal fossils the most typical are amphibians and invertebrates.