Mutation

Contest Info

  • Started: 2/14/2009 17:00
  • Ended: 2/17/2009 18:00
  • Level: advanced
  • Entries: 61
  • Jackpot:
  • FN Advanced 1st Place $5
  • FN Advanced 2nd Place $3
  • FN Advanced 3rd Place $2
  • FN Advanced 4th Place $1
Mutation
Contest Directions: February 12th marked the 200th birthday for famous evolution scientist Charles Darwin, who laid the foundations for the evolution theory - mutation & natural selection. As per Darwin, mutation provides new traits for species, and then the nature "selects" those species with advantageous heritable traits - the process Darwin called "natural selection".
To mark the 200th birthday of Charles Darwin, take any animal (or human) and change their bodies, but use only their body parts. Some examples are: re-shape them, change the size/length and/or number of heads, wings, legs, and hands. Removing some body parts will work too. (You can not merge body parts of animals of different species, but you can merge/alter body parts of animals of the same species.)

Contest Info

    • Started: 2/14/2009 17:00
    • Ended: 2/17/2009 18:00
    • Level: advanced
    • Entries: 61
    • Jackpot:
    • FN Advanced 1st Place $5
    • FN Advanced 2nd Place $3
    • FN Advanced 3rd Place $2
    • FN Advanced 4th Place $1
This gallery only contains our top 61 selections from its parent contest Mutation. All 61 contest pictures can be viewed here.
  • Unnatural Selection

    Unnatural Selection
  • Mutated Woman

    Mutated Woman
  • Mutant Giraffes

    Mutant Giraffes
  • Spiral Horned Goat

    Spiral Horned Goat
  • Multi Eyed Frog

    Multi Eyed Frog
  • Crested Dolphin

    Crested Dolphin
  • Mutant Mermaid

    Mutant Mermaid
  • Pigmy Giraffe

    Pigmy Giraffe
  • Long Necked Knut

    Long Necked Knut
  • Salma Hayek Mutation

    Salma Hayek Mutation
  • Hayden Panettiere Mutant

    Hayden Panettiere Mutant
  • Giant Octopus

    Giant Octopus
  • Musician Mutation

    Musician Mutation
  • Tongue Face

    Tongue Face
  • Mutant Cow

    Mutant Cow
  • Winged Bee

    Winged Bee
  • Two Headed Parrot

    Two Headed Parrot
  • Square Ladybird

    Square Ladybird
  • Eye in the Mouth

    Eye in the Mouth
  • Eagle Raptor

    Eagle Raptor
  • Multi Uddered Cow

    Multi Uddered Cow
  • Jack Nicholson Double Vision

    Jack Nicholson Double Vision
  • Tongue Eyed Dog

    Tongue Eyed Dog
  • Rainbow Man

    Rainbow Man
  • Bird Mutant

    Bird Mutant
  • Multi-trunked Elephant

    Multi-trunked Elephant
  • Leonardo's mutation

    Leonardo's mutation
  • Seeing Eye Dog

    Seeing Eye Dog
  • Butterfly Mutation

    Butterfly Mutation
  • Parrot Beak Cutter

    Parrot Beak Cutter
  • Iguana with Six Legs

    Iguana with Six Legs
  • Iguana With Many Legs

    Iguana With Many Legs
  • Rhino with Six Legse

    Rhino with Six Legse
  • Three Tailed Whale

    Three Tailed Whale
  • Dog with Two Heads

    Dog with Two Heads
  • Two floor Kangaroo

    Two floor Kangaroo
  • Lion King

    Lion King
  • Stealth Butterfly

    Stealth Butterfly
  • Square Eyes

    Square Eyes
  • Elephant Hand

    Elephant Hand
  • Man Mutant

    Man Mutant
  • Mutant Alligator

    Mutant Alligator
  • Lizard Parrot

    Lizard Parrot
  • Frog Mutation

    Frog Mutation
  • Long Angel Fish

    Long Angel Fish
  • George Bush Mouth Eyes

    George Bush Mouth Eyes
  • Daisy Giraffe

    Daisy Giraffe
  • Double Woman

    Double Woman
  • Square Eye Cave Man

    Square Eye Cave Man
  • Yellow Fish

    Yellow Fish
  • Short Legged Giraffe

    Short Legged Giraffe
  • Square Eyes

    Square Eyes
  • Siamese Bats

    Siamese Bats
  • Peacock Pelican

    Peacock Pelican
  • Shredder Shark

    Shredder Shark
  • Elephant Trunk Scope

    Elephant Trunk Scope
  • Seahorse

    Seahorse
  • Bat Sparrow

    Bat Sparrow
  • Barack Obama Mutation

    Barack Obama  Mutation
  • Genetic Evolution

    Genetic Evolution
  • Mutation Discovery

    Mutation Discovery
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This contest is fueled by the following news: Mutation genotype changes, occurring under the influence of external or internal factors. The occurrence process of mutation received the name "Mutagenesis". The natural rate of the occurrence of mutation is often much less, because, usually mutation takes place in one cell and affects one gene. The majority of these mutations are absolutely safe, because they do not completely affect the phenotype. A relatively small fraction of mutations cause changes in the RNA structure and-or proteins and then there is a chance of mutation affecting the functionality of cells. Mutations, which worsen the activity of cells in metazoan organism, often lead to cell destruction. If the inner and outer cell protective mechanisms did not distinguish the mutation, then the mutant gene is transmitted to all descendants of the cells and, more often, leads to the malfunctioning of cells. Mutations take place constantly during the processes, occurring in a live cell, but there exists factors, capable of significantly increasing the frequency of mutations. The most widespread of them is the influence of harmful substances, microorganisms or radiation including the natural radiating background on cells. Mutation in the somatic cell of the complex metazoan organism can lead to malignant or benign new formations. The mutation in sexual cells leads to changes in the characteristics of the entire descendant organism. Most cases of mutations, which appear at the phenotype level, have fatal consequences and the mutant organism perishes by itself or under the influence of the environment. However, in very rare cases, mutation can casually lead to the occurrence of new useful features in the organism and then the consequences of mutation appear positive. Thus, mutations are engines of natural selection. Also it is known that the higher organisms use purposeful mutations in immunity mechanisms. Such mutations are called "somatic". With their help, a variety of lymphocyte populations are created, among which, as a result, units are found always, which are capable of giving an immune response to a new, unknown illness of the organism. Suitable lymphocytes are subjected to positive selection and immunological memory appears as a result. If the mutation affects "silent" sections of DNA or leads to the replacement of one element of genetic code, then it is not shown in any way outwardly in the phenotype. However, such mutations can be detected through gene analysis methods. Since mutations occur more often as a result of natural reasons, then in assumption, that basic properties of external factors did not vary, turns out, that the frequency of mutations should be approximately constant. This fact can be used for the research of origin of anything including the human being. Thus, mutations in silent genes give researchers unique "genetic clocks". Spontaneous DNA damage is encountered very often and such events take place in each cell. Special reparation mechanism (for example, the mistaken section of DNA is cut and the original section is restored at the same place) is available for rectifying the consequences of similar damage. Mutations arise only when the reparation mechanism, for any reasons, does not work or does not cope with the rectification of damage. Research of mutations in mitochondrial DNA (inherited from the maternal line) and in Y-chromosomes (inherited from paternal line) is widely used in evolutionary biology for studying the origin of races and nationalities and the reconstruction of biological development of mankind.
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