This Monday the artistic world has celebrated the 180th birthday of Edouard Manet - the French artist who greatly contributed to impressionism and realism movement in art. Prior to becoming an artist, Manet twice failed the examination to join the navy, after which he decided to pursue a career in art, where his talents were quickly discovered. Manet studied under the academic painter Thomas Couture, a painter of large historical paintings. In his spare time he copied the old masters in the Louvre.
Photoshop any painting by Edouard Manet to include some modern elements in it. Think of product placements, celebrities, modern architecture, and even sci-fi features, etc. and show how Manet paintings would be different if he painted them in the modern days. Note: If you use any of Manet's paintings with "bare subjects" (e.g. "The Luncheon on the Grass" or "Olympia"), please cover them up with bikini before submitting.
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This contest is fueled by the following news: Édouard Manet ( January 23, 1832, Paris - April 30, 1883, Paris) – was a French painter, engraver and one of the founders of Impressionism.
Edouard Manet was born in house No 5 on Bonaparte street in the Paris quarter of Saint Germain des Pres to Auguste Manet, Head of Department in the Ministry of Justice & Eugenie - Desiree Fournier, daughter of French diplomat & former Consul in Gothenburg. Swedish King Charles XIII was godfather of Manet's mother. In 1839, Manet was sent to study at Canon Poiloup's School and later, due to his absolute indifference towards education, his father transferred him to "full boarding" at College Rollin, where he studied during the period from 1844 to 1848 without showing much success.
In spite of the strong desire of Manet to become a painter, Manet's father, who wanted his son to choose a lawyer's career, strongly opposed the art education of Manet. However, his mother's brother, Edmond Edouard Fournier, understanding the boy's artistic vocation, advised him to attend special lectures on painting, for which he enrolled his nephew and also personally paid the expenditure. Thanks to Uncle Edmond, who regularly accompanied the boy to museums, Manet discovered the Louvre for himself, which had a decisive impact on his personal and creative life. Painting lessons, curiously enough, did not arouse the expected interest in Manet, largely because of the academic teaching quality and instead of making sculptures using plaster, the boy preferred to paint portraits of his colleagues, who soon became a model for many of his classmates.
Journey to Brazil:
In 1848, after completing his education, young Manet faced stiff opposition from his father on his decision to become a painter. Some sort of compromise was made when Manet decided to enrol in the navy school in 1847, however, Manet failed the entrance exams miserably (the total lack of education from Manet was visible). Nevertheless, he was allowed to go on a training voyage on the sailing ship "Havre and Guadeloupe" as preparation for re-examinations.
While on voyage, the ship, in particular, visited Brazil. The exotic and rich colors of tropical countries strengthened his desire to learn pictorial art - from the trip, Manet brought large numbers of drawings, sketches and etudes. Often, he used crew members as models.
Numerous letters, written by Manet to his relatives while on this journey, were stored, in which he described his impressions on the carnival in Rio and the exotic beauty of Brazilian women. On the other hand, he was a critic of slavery and a possible restoration of the monarchy in France. One tenth of the subsequent works by Manet comprise of sea landscapes and his sea journey to Brazil was instrumental in him deciding to make sea landscapes.
In July 1849, after returning to Paris, Manet once again made an unsuccessful attempt to clear the entrance examination of Naval School. This time, Manet's father, after considering the numerous drawings brought from his trip, had no doubt in the artistic vocation of his son and advised him to take admission in the Paris School of Fine Arts (École des Beaux-Arts). But, fearing the very rigid and academic program in the school, in 1850, Manet joined the studio of Thomas Couture, who was fashionable during that period and who became famous thanks to the monumental canvas "Romans in the Decadence of the Empire" in 1847.
Particularly, this is the period when the conflict starts to flare between Manet and the Classical Roman tradition of painting, that prevailed at that time in France. Ultimately, the sharp aversion towards the bourgeois style resulted in clear break-up of Manet with Couture and the young artist left the studio of his teacher. However, on the request of father, Manet was compelled to apologize and return back to studio, though he retained his aversion towards strict teachings of Couture.
The situation worsened for the young artist with the unwanted pregnancy of his long-standing sweetheart Suzanne Leenhoff. To avoid infamy and the anger of his father, the paternity of Koella was attributed to Manet only at the mayor's office. Another version also made the rounds that the newborn was not his son but the brother of Suzanne.