|Hybrid (From latin, “hybrida” — cross breed) — Organism (cell), obtained in consequence of inter-breeding genetically the distinguished species. Concept of hybrid is wide-spread especially in botanics but also used in zoology. Hybrids can be intra specific or, distant, if obtained through cross breeding of different types.
Liger — Hybrid between male lion and female tigress, looking like a gigantic lion with degraded stripes. Without considering the tiger, which is an immediate natural type, as on date, this is the biggest cat in the world. Some liger males have mane and like tigers, but in contrast to lions, can and love to swim. And also, liger females (ligress) can give birth, which is unusual for hybrids. |
The result of that equation actually is a 10 foot long, 900 pound hybrid animal that is named Hercules. He is fast becoming one of Miami's best visited attractions. Dr. Bhagavan Antle, a big cat breeder, said the liger is not something that you see every day. The spawn of a male lion and a female tiger, Hercules is such a rarity that he is one of only about a dozen ligers around the world. Only close species can result in hybrid animals due do restrictions in genetics and DNA development in animal embryo. In other words the two animals have to be very close to each other genetically in order for sperm of one to be able to successfully fertilize the egg of another.
Hinny - Hybrid of male horse and female donkey. It is quite opposite to mule, for which the gender of parents is vice versa.
Outwardly, hinny is quite similar to donkey but only its voice is different. Hinnies are raised in Mediterranean countries and in Asia. However, since they are inferior to mules with respect to working capacity and stamina, they are very rarley found than mules.
Male hinnies are infertile and the female hinnies are in most cases infertile.
In latest generally accepted meaning, mule is an offspring of male donkey and female horse. Mule can be differentiated with hinny - offspring of male horse and female donkey. Term «Mule» (Lat. mulus) was at first used for offspring of any two various types of animals— at present, being called “Hybrid”. It is much easier to breed the mules and usually mules are much bigger than hinnies. Male mules and hinnies are sterile and the females are in most cases belong to sterile category. This is due to difference in the quantity of chromosomes present in horses (64 chromosomes) and in donkeys (62 chromosomes).
Nar is a result of cross breeding of Dromedary and Bactrian camels. These hybrid camels have two small and merged together humps. It has the characteristics of parents and is enduring (sturdy) and strong animal.
Nar can have posterity but the descendants possess inferior qualities when compared to parent camels. Thus Nar is first generation crossbred F1 camel.
Tiger-lion or Tigon is a cross breed of male tiger and lioness. At present, tigons are not prevalent as the “vis-ŕ-vis” ligers, even though at the end of XIX century and at the beginning of XX century quite opposite situation prevailed. Tigons are never found in nature as tigers and lions have different habits, manners and habitat places.
Tigons include the characteristics of both the parents: They can have spots from mother -genes of lions are responsible for spots - lion cubs are brown with spots - and stripes from father. Mane of tigons, if at all it appears, shall always be shorter than the mane of lions. Usually, tigons are smaller than lions and tigers and approximately weigh 150 kg (350 pounds). Male tigons are always sterile and at the same time female tigons can give birth.
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