Human Horse Hybrids - pictures galleryAdvanced Photoshop Contest - 32 image entries
A French woman wants to become the first human-horse hybrid by having horse blood transmissions. For months Marion Laval Jeantet gradually prepared herself for horse blood injections, by njecting herself with small doses of horse immunoglobulins so that her body does not go into immune shock when horse blood is injected. Such "training process" is called mithridatization, after Mithridates IV of Pontus, who is said to have developed an immunity to poisons by gradually ingesting small doses of them. After the first successful horse blood transfusion, Marion put on stilts resembling horse legs and performed a communication ritual with a real horse. "I had the feeling of being extra-human. I was not in my usual body. I was hyper-powerful, hyper-sensitive, hyper-nervous and very diffident. The emotionalism of an herbivore. I could not sleep. I probably felt a bit like a horse," said Marion about her experience.
Mix humans and horses any way you wish. Here's a good example by photobob.
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|The domesticated horse (Latin: Equus ferus caballus) belongs to the ungulate family, and is the only surviving subspecies of the wild horse (Equus ferus), which became extinct in the nature, except for small population of the Przewalski's horse. To date, horses are widely used by humans.
In a broad sense of the word, the horse (Equus) is the only genus of the now living horse family or solid-hoofed (Equidae s. Solidungula) of the order Perissodactyla. As the second name of the family indicates, the most characteristic feature is its feet, having only one fully developed and dressed hoof toe. The skull is elongated and is distinguished with a relatively long front portion. For a long time, horses were among the most economically important pets for humans but their importance declined with the development of mechanization. The male horse is called a stallion. The female horse is called a mare. A castrated stallion is called a mare. A horse cub is a foal
The horse is a resident of large, open spaces of steppes or prairies, protecting itself by escaping in danger situations.
Science that studies horses is called Hippology.
The origin and history of domestication:
The ancestor of the domesticated horse is not the Przewalski's horse, as considered earlier, but the extinct subspecies of wild horse the tarpan.
It was assumed that, the horse was, for the first time, domesticated by ancient people in southern Urals and Mulino and Davlekanovo (Bashkortostan). The oldest remains of a horse, which dates back to the VII-VI millennium BC, were found in these places. In the steppes of Eurasia, horses have been domesticated for thousands of years before they went south, on the territory, where the ancient Middle Eastern civilizations spread. Prior to excavations in Mulino, it was assumed that the ancient horse was domesticated in the steppes of the Ukraine.
Horses were studied in depth on fossils in Tertiary sediments in America. During this period, America was inhabited by a variety of mammals, similar to horses but they all became extinct before America was discovered by Europeans. Originally, not yet found horse ancestors, according to Marsh, had 5 toes on the fore and hind legs. The oldest known ancestor of the horse, Eohippus, from lower Eocene, was the size of a fox and 4 well developed toes with a rudiment 5th on each fore leg and 3 on each hind leg. Fossils of Orohippus, of the same size, but with 4 toes on the fore legs and three on hind legs, were identified in periods above Eocene. In upper Eocene, Epihippus is found with the same legs but it differs in teeth formation. Mesohippus was found on the boundary of Miocene. It was the size of a sheep with 3 developed and rudimentary toes on the fore and 3 on the hind legs, slightly higher than Miohippus or Anchitherium, whose slate bonelet of the 5th or outer toe was decreased up to a short rudiment. In Pliocene, plenty of Protohippus or Hipparion were found the size of a donkey with three toes on the fore and hind legs. Even higher, the close kin of the modern day horse of the genus Pliohippus with 1 developed toe appeared in pliocene. Much higher than pliocene, the modern-day horse (Equus) the size of present horses, is where the series ends.
Fossil remains of forms, considered as ancestors of horses or belonging to or close to offshoots (some researchers consider hipparions), are known in other parts of the world.
Quite often, deviations, similar to wild horses, were found in domesticated horses. Most often, these deviations, regarded as atavism (ie, returning back to the features of their ancestors), relate to the color of fur; for instance, the appearance of a light color or dark stripe along the back, sometimes with a few stripes on the shoulders. Some consider it as an atavistic phenomenon and the color in apples, considering the speckles as remains of striation. More abrupt and striking instances of atavism are encountered very rarely – particularly polidactylism, i.e, the appearance of one or more extra fingers; according to Marsh, most common is the 2nd (internal) toe with fully developed metacarpal or metatarsal bones, fully developed toe joints and hoof, which, however, rarely touches the ground. In case of two extra toes on each side of the middle toe, the leg has resembles the legs of the hipparions.
As far as it is known, the horse is found in separate regions in the wild. Domesticated horses are found in all countries in a variety of species, differing greatly in size, construction, shape of head, color etc. In Europe, wild or feral horses - tarpans were found in the first half of last century. Feral horses and Przewalski were found in the Gansu province.
It's with remarkable easiness, with which horses if left to themselves, under any favorable conditions, return back to a wild state and begin to lead life, which is no different from the lifestyle of a family of wild horses. Feral horses of the pampas of South America are called Cimarrons. In Paraguay, the feral horses do not live, as believed, due to one fly, which lays eggs in the unhealed navel of newborn foals, due to which the foals die; domesticated horses live in a semi-wild state (Mustang), in large herds, consisting of small groups (1 stallion and 12-18 mares). Feral horses inhabit further north in Llanos. However, horses in smaller sizes are found in Mexico and the Falkland Islands (here, under the influence of a more severe climate, the horses are dwarfed). ||