Contest Directions: [
According to the recent study by U.S. Centers for Disease Control there are over 45 million adult smokers in the U.S., 70% of whom said they wanted to quit. Only 5% to 10% of smokers are successful on any given attempt and it takes smokers five to six tries to end their addictions for good. ]
All the studies today point to tobacco as being unhealthy. I am sure we all know someone that smokes cigarettes and if we believe the researchers, we want them to quit. I have smoked for many years myself and would like to quit. Although there are many methods, I've not found one that works for me. So today, using the power of the Internet, I am asking for your help.
In this contest, we are asking you to show different or unconventional methods of quitting. You can also show alternatives or substitutes for cigarettes.
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This contest is fueled by the following news: If we measured how easy it is to do something by the number of available methods, quitting smoking would be a cinch. Besides just going cold turkey, there are nicotine replacement therapies, like the patch; pharmaceutical aids such as Wellbutrin, hypnosis and other new techniques coming out all of the time.
The reasons to quit keep piling up, too. According to a 2004 U.S. surgeon general's report, smoking harms nearly every organ, causing bladder, lung, oral and throat cancers; chronic lung diseases; coronary heart and cardiovascular disease; and cervical, kidney and pancreatic cancer. (The list goes on.) Not to mention, it's getting harder to find a place where you can smoke.
We've all heard of nicotine replacement therapy, or NRT, which gives the body nicotine via a patch or gum.
Shown to be slightly more effective than NRT is use of the non-nicotine-based, prescribed antidepressant Wellbutrin, formerly known as Zyban.
Even better may be using a combination of NRT and Wellbutrin, which gives smokers a 40% chance of success, Levy says.
A new prescription medication, Chantix, works by reducing a smoker's craving and withdrawal. If a person smokes while taking Chantix, it can potentially diminish the sense of satisfaction.
Participation of civil society:
Allen Carr, author of the book “Easy method to stop smoking” during his life, has sold 7 million books about the fight against smoking, opened 70 clinics in 30 countries worldwide and has freed millions of people from nicotine dependence.
Positive changes upon quitting smoking:
* After 2 hours, starts the withdrawal of nicotine from the body and first withdrawal symptoms are felt at this time;
* After 12 hours, carbon monoxide due to smoking gets completely withdrawn from the body, lungs start to function better, a sense of insufficient air is gone;
* After 2 days, gustatory sensitivity shall become sharper;
* After 12 weeks (3 months), blood circulation system improves, which allows easily walking and running;
* After 3-9 months, cough, dyspnea and respiration problems decrease and functioning of lungs increases by 10%;
* After 5 years, the risk of myocardial infarction becomes 2 times less than in smokers.
The European boom for cigarettes (read papirosas) began after the Crimean War of 1854 – 1856, when Russian soldiers, having no other way to smoke, began to wrap tobacco in paper tubes, the casings of gunpowder. This quite convenient habit was borrowed from them by British soldiers, and thereafter the process became irreversible. The first cigarette factory was built in London in 1857. Its founder, Robert Peacock Gloag, developed and sold such a unique brand called "Five-for-a-penny." Several years later the Americans took up this baton and by the start of the XIX century the volume of cigarette sales exceeded all records of the cigar business.
Not only men but also women considered this occupation to be quite proper for themselves; true, they generally preferred using long cigarette holders for smoking, which gave the smoking ladies the appearance of sophistication. Cigarette smoking was so in vogue that dozens of factories and hundreds of small handicraft workshops were engaged day and night in their manufacture.
Residents of the United States gained access to cigarettes thanks to the emergence of new light tobacco varieties; namely, thanks to the invention of the first cigarette rolling machine and, accordingly, the development of an industrial method of their production. But along with tobacco factories, some companies, such as Royal Theodorus Niemeyer, still remained proponents of the old and traditional method of hand rolling.
The appearance of cigarettes proper can be dated to 1952, when the British company Lorillard was the first to produce Kent cigarettes equipped with a filter. True, this filter was made from asbestos and therefore had nothing in common with the company's assertion that this device practically guaranteed complete safety of smoking. Subsequently, competing cigarette manufacturers equipped their own products with a vastly more improved "device"—a cellulose acetate filter, which became the most widespread in the tobacco industry. In 1954, the most popular were filter-tipped cigarettes Winston and two years later Salem, the filter composition of which contained such a flavor additive as menthol. By the 1970s, Vantage cigarettes became the most popular cigarettes with a filter able to retain the greatest amount of harmful tars. In recent years many companies have been mixing cellulose acetate with activated charcoal, having a still greater capacity to absorb nicotine, tar, moisture, and suspended smoke particles.
By the way, it is interesting that the paper for cigarettes is made mainly from linen and flax, and its structure and characteristics of manufacture have a very great effect on the smoking process and impurities entering the body as a result of burning of one or another kind of cigarette paper.