Besides the so called "flying fish", many ordinary fish species are known to "fly" in extreme conditions. During a recent canoe and kayak solo race in Kansas, a 30-pound Asian silver carp jumped from the water and hit the race leader, Brad Pennington, in the head, causing him to leave the race because of "the pounding headache caused by the flying carp".
Peddington is a practicing lawyer. He is considering suing the fish.
Construct new species of flying fish by merging any fish with any bird.
Register to post comments and participate in contests.
This contest is fueled by the following news: The Flying fish (Lat: Exocoetidae) is a marine fish family, consisting of 64 species and grouped into nine genera. The distinctiveness of these fishes is their unusually big pectoral fins, which allow fishes to jump out of the water and take a short soaring flight.
The body is oblong with wide high pectoral fins. The length of the body varies from 15 to 40 - 50 cm (Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus). The fish are blue-grey in color without appreciable lateral dark stripes. The back is much darker. In various species, pectoral fins can be transparent, dark blue, green, brown, with motley spots or stripes.
The snout of the fish is blunt and the exception to this is Fodiator acutus. The teeth are found only on the jaws. A second ray of pectoral fins is branched approximately up to the middle. The dorsal fin is intensely drawn back, usually with 12-14 rays. The proctal fin consists of 8-10 rays. The lower blade of the tail fin is elongated. The long abdominal fins have 6 rays. The air bladder is without an air duct towards the foregut.
Flying fishes are predominantly found in tropical and subtropical areas. The distribution area is limited to waters with a temperature of 20 °C.
More than 40 species of flying fishes are found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean area. Around 20 species are found in the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean and 16 species in Atlantic Ocean. 7 species of flying fish are found in the Red Sea and 4 in the Mediterranean Sea. In summers, a series of species can migrate to the north swimming in the English Channel and up to the southern shores of Norway and Denmark. In Far Eastern waters, Cheilopogon doederleinii is captured repeatedly in the Peter the Great Bay.
Mode of life:
The flying fishes are found in small pods, more often under the water surface. Some species exist which are exclusively encountered in coastal zones, others can be found in the open ocean, returning back to the coasts for spawning. Few species constantly live in the open ocean. The flying fish eat plankton, small Crustacea, pteropod shellfishe and the larvae of other fish. During the night, flying fishes are attracted to light.
If they think they are in danger, sometimes without reason, flying fishes can take a gliding soaring flight. With the help of a strong movement of the tail, they quickly come out of the water and soar in the air, using their wide pectoral fins. The ability to soar during flight is different in varied species and depends on the size of the fish and the fin numbers for taking flight.
The evolution of flight occurred in two directions. One of them led to the formation of flying fishes, using only pectoral fins during flight (typical representative: Exocoetus volitans).
The other direction is presented by flying fishes (4 genera and about 50 species); use both the enlarged pectoral as well as the abdominal fins for flights. Also, the capability to take flight is reflected in the structure of the tail fin, the rays of which are tightly connected and the bottom blade is larger than the upper blade in the development of the large air bladder extending below the spine up to the tail.
The range of flight in some species with short pectoral fins is less than other species with long fins. The species which use only pectoral fins for flying fly worse than the species which use both the pectoral as well as abdominal fins for flying. The fishes can change the tilt angle of their fins for changing the direction of flight. Taking off at an angle of 30-45o to the water surface and with an initial acceleration speed from 30-35 up to 80 km\hour, fishes glide in the air gradually returning back to the water.
In most cases, the range of soaring flight is about 50m, but these fishes are capable of utilizing the flow of air above the water for increasing their flight range up to 400 m.
The diameter of the eggs is 0.5-0.8 mm and reddish orange in color. Caviar gets attached to seaweeds, twigs, the fruits of land plants, coconuts, bird feathers and other floating trash, brought from the mainland,
Use in food:
The meat from the flying fishes is tasty and is caught by the fishing industry in many countries. On the islands of Polynesia, flying fishes are usually caught at night by fixing lights to the boats. In India, the business is done during the spawning period. Flying fishes have the greatest trade value in Japan, where the trading of flying fishes constitutes 50 % of the entire catch.
The caviar of flying fishes is famous under the Japanese name "tobiko" and is widely used in dishes of Japanese cuisine.