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This contest is fueled by the following news: Interesting facts about different types of fish:
It is necessary call the inhabitants of the seabed layer as dangerous bottom fishes which while defending can cause injuries and mutilation. In particular, sting rays and goosefish belong to this group.
The Goosefish is a bottom fish with a length of 170 cm and living both at depths of 600-800m and in littoral (coastal) zones. The representatives of this kind of fish spend most of their time partially burying themselves in sand or amongst stones. A person who attacks a goosefish or comes close it can receive a strong sting.
The Sting Ray, from the skate family which has sharp solid horns on the tail and use the tail for hunting or self-defense. Skates spend a considerable quantity of time burying themselves in sand near the coast an therefore, it is necessary to be careful not to step on them while moving around their dwelling places.
The largest representatives of the group of sting ray (Dasyatis pastinaca), can reache a size of 2.5m. A hit of its tail can cause serious injuries. Also, it is necessary to remember, that many of the skates can be poisonous and a wound due its hit can become poisoned (the severity level depends on the kind of skate and the place of the hit).
Representatives of the chimeras family can reach up to 1.5m length and have an apophysis in the form of a horn on the body near the head. In spite of the fact that they live mainly in deep waters, young individuals during the summer season can swim up to the coast and can be dangerous to the careless diver.
Fish which can cause injuries by horns or prickles:
The Scorpion fish family. Almost all kinds (nearly 350) are equipped with prickles. And such as the 40cm scorpion fish, which gave name to the family, is dangerous also with poisonous horns. A person who has stepped on a scorpion fish can receive serious injuries and according to some information, even a lethal injury.
The Toadfish is covered with growths and does not have scales but has many horns.
The Zebra fish:
The Zebra fish or ribbon seal is a bright small coral fish which can inflict serious trauma using spinal horns which have poison at the horn ends.
The scales of sharks:
Sharks are covered with tenon-shaped placoid scales. Having touched the body of some kinds of sharks without taking proper care, a person can be scratched to the bone. The sharpest scales are found on bramble sharks, or as they are sometimes called “blackberry shark”. Sharks of the dogfish group (one of the kinds of the common spur dog is found in the Black sea), the straight-mouthed dogfish, sleeper shark, star-shaped spines and trihedral sharks, cookiecutter shark and the pig shark are dangerous. The majority of dogfish sharks have prickly horns on the rear fins which can cause serious trauma to careless bathers.
Chimeras: The majority of chimeras have prickly horns on their rear fins.
The Triggerfish has a large and strong stinging horn on the spine near the fin.
Surgeon fishes: Surgeon fishes have two horns on the tail, like scalpels (due to which the name has been derived) and can render serious wounds to predators or careless people.
Approximately 30 kinds of sting rays exist. Sting rays are found in the Black sea (usually the blue sting ray). Sting rays have one horn or some horns at the tail-base, which have poisonous glands. They can the cause serious and at times lethal wounds. Some kinds of sting rays live in the Amazon and in its inflows.
Some sea catfishes can cause injuries using their horns found on their fins. The most famous catfishes are: eel-like catfish, gafftopsail catfish, salmon catfish and the fresh-water catfish. Horns are poisonous in some kinds of catfishes. In the fresh-water catfish Pimelodella, found in the river Orinoco, the thoracic fins are planted with horns covered with a poisonous mucus.
Parrot fishes and rabbit fishes, sea dragons and star fishes are also dangerous.
Fish, which can inflict electric injuries:
The electric ray (shock fish): Electric rays are found in the coastal waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. The voltage in the fishes range between 8 to 220V and electrical organs are found on the spine of these fishes. After the shock, besides terrible pain, a person has to experience the most unpleasant sensation – his whole body trembles;
The electric eel: has a shock voltage of around 600V. The fish poses a considerable danger to the inhabitants of South America where it lives;
The electric catfish: It is found in Africa. The current impulses generated by the bodies of electric catfishes according to some information, can reach up to 360V. The electric shock cases are famous when a person has stepped barefoot on the catfish.
Fish, which can cause food poisoning:
The meat of triggerfish is poisonous.
Tetraodontidae or blowfishes: In Japan, this fish is famous with the name “mefugu”.
Hogfishes: Meat of the hogfish is poisonous.
Porcupine fishes: Poisonous
Moonfish: Liver and the milts of moonfish cause vomiting, nausea and asphyxiation. In serious cases a person can die due to the paralysis of the lungs.
The Crimean barbel or madder: The use of the eggs in food can lead to serious poisoning.
The meat of barracudas, especially their caviar, milts and liver can lead to paralysis in a person.